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Download Silapathikaram Story Tamil PDF and Learn About Ancient Tamil Culture


What is Silapathikaram and Why You Should Read It




Silapathikaram is one of the five great epics of Tamil literature, written by Ilango Adigal in the 2nd century CE. It is a story of love, betrayal, justice and redemption, set in the three ancient Tamil kingdoms of Chola, Pandya and Chera. It is also a rich source of information about the history, culture, religion, art and music of the ancient Tamils.




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If you are interested in reading this masterpiece of Tamil literature, you can download it in PDF format for free from various online sources. In this article, we will tell you more about Silapathikaram and why you should read it.


The Plot of Silapathikaram




Silapathikaram tells the story of Kovalan, a wealthy merchant from Puhar (the capital of Chola kingdom), and his wife Kannagi, who is renowned for her chastity and loyalty. Kovalan falls in love with a courtesan named Madhavi, and neglects his wife and business. He spends all his wealth on Madhavi and becomes poor. He then realizes his mistake and returns to Kannagi, who forgives him and accompanies him to Madurai (the capital of Pandya kingdom) to start a new life.


In Madurai, Kovalan tries to sell one of Kannagi's anklets, which is made of pure gold and has pearls inside. However, he is falsely accused of stealing the anklet from the queen, who has a similar one. The king orders Kovalan to be executed without a trial. Kannagi hears the news and rushes to the king's court, where she proves her husband's innocence by breaking her anklet and showing the pearls inside. She then curses the king and the city for the injustice done to her husband. The king dies of remorse and the city is engulfed by fire.


Kannagi leaves Madurai and wanders in the forest, where she meets a goddess who reveals that she and Kovalan are the reincarnations of a divine couple who were separated by a curse. She also tells her that she will be reunited with Kovalan in heaven after completing her earthly mission. Kannagi then reaches Vanchi (the capital of Chera kingdom), where she is honored by the king and the people for her virtue and courage. She then ascends to heaven with Kovalan.


The Themes of Silapathikaram




Silapathikaram is not just a story of romance and tragedy, but also a story of moral values and social justice. It explores various themes such as:


  • The power of dharma (righteousness) over adharma (unrighteousness). Kannagi represents dharma, while the king of Pandya represents adharma. Kannagi's curse is a manifestation of the cosmic law that punishes the wicked and protects the innocent.



  • The role of fate and free will in human life. Kovalan's downfall is partly due to his own actions, but also partly due to his destiny. He is destined to suffer for his past karma, but he also has the choice to repent and redeem himself.



  • The importance of loyalty and fidelity in marriage. Kannagi is an ideal wife who stands by her husband through thick and thin. She does not abandon him even when he betrays her, but supports him in his time of need.



  • The glory and diversity of Tamil culture. Silapathikaram depicts the life and customs of the ancient Tamils in vivid detail. It showcases their art, music, dance, literature, religion, festivals, trade, politics, warfare and justice system.



The Benefits of Reading Silapathikaram




Reading Silapathikaram can enrich your mind and soul in many ways. Here are some of the benefits you can get from reading this epic:


  • You can learn about the history and culture of one of the oldest civilizations in the world.



  • You can appreciate the beauty and wisdom of one of the finest works of literature in any language.



  • You can gain moral lessons and inspiration from the characters and events in the story.



  • You can enjoy the poetic language and imagery that captivate your senses.



  • You can download Silapathikaram story Tamil PDF for free from various online sources.



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The Sources of Silapathikaram




Silapathikaram is based on various sources of information that were available to the author Ilango Adigal. Some of these sources are:


  • The oral traditions and folk songs of the ancient Tamils, which preserved their history and culture.



  • The Sangam literature, which consists of poems and prose works composed by various poets and scholars between the 3rd century BCE and the 3rd century CE.



  • The Buddhist and Jain texts, which influenced the author's religious and philosophical views.



  • The Greek and Roman accounts, which provide some information about the trade and political relations between the Tamils and the foreigners.



  • The inscriptions and coins, which provide some evidence of the kings and dynasties that ruled the Tamil lands.



The Style and Structure of Silapathikaram




Silapathikaram is written in a unique style and structure that combines poetry and prose, narration and dialogue, description and analysis. It has the following features:


  • It is divided into three parts or kandams, each corresponding to one of the three Tamil kingdoms: Puhar kandam (Chola), Madurai kandam (Pandya) and Vanchi kandam (Chera).



  • Each kandam is further divided into chapters or kaadhaigal, each containing a story or an episode related to the main plot.



  • Each chapter begins with a song or a paadal, which introduces the theme, setting and characters of the chapter.



  • The songs are composed in various meters or venbas, such as akaval, kalippa, viruttam, etc.



  • The prose parts or seyyuls are written in simple and elegant language, using similes, metaphors, alliterations, etc.



  • The prose parts also contain quotations from various sources, such as Sangam literature, Buddhist texts, etc.



  • The author uses various literary devices, such as flashbacks, foreshadowing, irony, etc., to enhance the effect of the story.



How to Download Silapathikaram Story Tamil PDF




If you want to read Silapathikaram in its original form, you can download it in PDF format for free from various online sources. Here are some of the steps you can follow:


  • Go to a website that offers Silapathikaram story Tamil PDF download, such as Tamill eBooks Org, Wikimedia Commons, Internet Archive, etc.



  • Select the version or edition of Silapathikaram that you want to download. For example, you can choose between Silapathikaram with commentary by U.Ve.Sa., Silapathikaram with commentary by P.T.Srinivasa Iyengar, Silapathikaram with commentary by S.Vaiyapuri Pillai, etc.



  • Click on the download button or link that corresponds to the format you prefer. For example, you can choose between PDF, ePub, Mobi (Kindle), etc.



  • Save the file to your device or cloud storage. You can also print it if you want.



  • Enjoy reading Silapathikaram story Tamil PDF on your device or paper.



The Themes and Characters of Silapathikaram




Silapathikaram is a masterpiece of Tamil literature that explores various themes and characters that reflect the life and culture of the ancient Tamils. Some of these themes and characters are:


  • The theme of love and fidelity, which is exemplified by the relationship between Kovalan and Kannagi, the main protagonists of the story. They are loyal and devoted to each other, even in the face of adversity and tragedy.



  • The theme of justice and dharma, which is illustrated by the events that unfold after Kovalan is falsely accused and executed by the Pandya king for stealing his queen's anklet. Kannagi proves her husband's innocence by breaking the anklet and revealing that it contains pearls, not rubies like the queen's. She then curses the city of Madurai to be destroyed by fire for its injustice.



  • The theme of karma and rebirth, which is implied by the fate of the characters and their actions. Kovalan and Kannagi are said to be reborn as Kambugan and Madhavi in their next life, while the Pandya king and his queen are reborn as a dog and a bitch respectively.



  • The theme of art and culture, which is depicted by the various forms of music, dance, drama, literature, architecture, sculpture, painting, etc. that are described in the story. The story also showcases the diversity and richness of the Tamil kingdoms and their interactions with other regions and peoples.



  • The characters of Kovalan and Kannagi, who are the epitome of virtue and heroism. Kovalan is a brave and generous merchant who sacrifices his wealth and family for his love for Madhavi, a courtesan. He later repents his mistake and returns to his wife Kannagi, who forgives him and supports him in his misfortunes. Kannagi is a faithful and virtuous wife who follows her husband wherever he goes. She is also a courageous and righteous woman who avenges her husband's death and upholds his honor.



  • The characters of Madhavi and Vasavadatta, who are the contrast to Kovalan and Kannagi. Madhavi is a beautiful and talented courtesan who seduces Kovalan with her charms and arts. She later regrets her role in his downfall and becomes a Buddhist nun. Vasavadatta is a cunning and wicked queen who plots to kill Kovalan by framing him for stealing her anklet. She later dies in the fire that consumes Madurai.



  • The characters of Cheran Senguttuvan and Ilango Adigal, who are the historical figures behind the story. Cheran Senguttuvan is a powerful Chera king who conquers many lands and performs many deeds of valor. He also honors Kannagi by erecting a temple for her on a hill near his capital Vanchi. Ilango Adigal is a Jain prince who renounces his throne and becomes a monk. He also composes Silapathikaram as a tribute to Kannagi's virtue.



Why You Should Read Silapathikaram Story Tamil PDF




Silapathikaram is not only a great work of literature but also a valuable source of knowledge and wisdom. Here are some of the reasons why you should read Silapathikaram story Tamil PDF:


  • You will learn about the history and culture of the ancient Tamils, their kingdoms, their trade, their religion, their arts, their customs, their values, etc.



  • You will appreciate the beauty and elegance of the Tamil language, its poetry, its prose, its meters, its expressions, its idioms, etc.



  • You will enjoy the captivating and thrilling story of love, betrayal, revenge, justice, tragedy, redemption, etc.



  • You will be inspired by the noble and heroic characters of Kovalan and Kannagi, their virtues, their deeds, their sacrifices, their loyalty, their courage, etc.



  • You will be enlightened by the moral and spiritual lessons of Silapathikaram, its themes, its messages, its philosophy, its ethics, its wisdom, etc.



How to Read Silapathikaram Story Tamil PDF Online




If you want to read Silapathikaram online without downloading it to your device or cloud storage or printing it on paper you can do so from various online sources. Here are some steps you can follow:


  • Go to a website that offers Silapathikaram story Tamil PDF online reading such as Wikisource, Internet Archive, Project Madurai, etc.



  • Select the version or edition of Silapathikaram that you want to read online. For example you can choose between Silapathikaram with commentary by U.Ve.Sa., Silapathikaram with commentary by P.T.Srinivasa Iyengar Silapathikaram with commentary by S.Vaiyapuri Pillai etc.



  • Click on the read online button or link that corresponds to your choice.



  • Enjoy reading Silapathikaram story Tamil PDF online on your browser or app.



Conclusion




Silapathikaram is a timeless and priceless treasure of Tamil literature that deserves to be read and appreciated by everyone. It is a story that transcends time and space, and speaks to the universal human emotions and values. It is a story that showcases the glory and diversity of the Tamil civilization and culture. It is a story that teaches us about the importance of love, fidelity, justice, dharma, karma, art, culture, etc. It is a story that inspires us to be virtuous and heroic like Kovalan and Kannagi.


If you want to read this amazing story in its original form, you can download it in PDF format for free from various online sources. You can also read it online on your browser or app. You can also print it if you want. Whatever way you choose to read it, you will surely enjoy and benefit from it.


So what are you waiting for? Download or read Silapathikaram story Tamil PDF today and immerse yourself in the world of ancient Tamils! b99f773239


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